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The Lattice of Cyclic Flats of a Matroid
Joseph E. Bonin1 and Anna de Mier2
1Department of Mathematics, The George Washington University, Washington, D.C. 20052, USA
jbonin@gwu.edu
2Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, 24--29 St Giles', Oxford OX1 3LB, United Kingdom
Annals of Combinatorics 12 (2) p.155-170 June, 2008
AMS Subject Classification: 05B35
Abstract:
A flat of a matroid is cyclic if it is a union of circuits. The cyclic flats of a matroid form a lattice under inclusion. We study these lattices and explore matroids from the perspective of cyclic flats. In particular, we show that every lattice is isomorphic to the lattice of cyclic flats of a matroid. We give a necessary and sufficient condition for a lattice $\mc{Z}$ of sets and a function $r\colon\mc{Z}\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$ to be the lattice of cyclic flats of a matroid and the restriction of the corresponding rank function to $\mc{Z}$. We apply this perspective to give an alternative view of the free product of matroids and we show how to compute the Tutte polynomial of the free product in terms of the Tutte polynomials of the constituent matroids. We define cyclic width and show that this concept gives rise to minor-closed, dual-closed classes of matroids, two of which contain only transversal matroids.
Keywords: matroid, cyclic flat, Dilworth's embedding theorem, nested matroid, free product,Tutte polynomial

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